WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO LIE ?

DECEPTION AND LYING

THE EXISTENTIAL FEAR BEHIND LYING

WHAT DOES A LIE CONSIST OF ?

A schematic model of the speech act perspective of lying

THE ART OF SELF-DECEPTION (LYING TO ONESELF)

SNOWBALL OF LIES

WHAT ARE YOU HIDING ?

SO WHAT DO WE DO ?

LYING WITHOUT BEING A LIAR

Remarks

  1. We make it clear that the very basic of our axioms that we took for granted in this entire article has some potential counterexamples and exceptions. The most important one being that of psychopathy, where the subject isn’t necessarily afraid of facing the reality(or maybe he is) and thus it might not be the reason for deception. We essentially don’t have knowledge (at least not that I know of) about whether a psychopath would be afraid of reality or not, I believe he isn’t, but nonetheless I feel it’s safe to not include something that I’m not sure about.
  2. We don’t give enough of “serious” examples of lying, such that of betrayal, scandals etc. and this is because we have made the implicit claim that most “serious” lies actually have their roots in something as simple of a lie as lying to your friends. [Check the “Snowball of lies” section]

REFERENCES

  1. *Lying ,* Sam Harris, Barnes & Noble, 2011.
  2. Denial Of Death, Ernst Becker, Free Press ,1993.
  3. Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self, Collected Works of C.G Jung-II, Carl Gustav Jung, 1951.
  4. Lee K. (2013). Little Liars: Development of Verbal Deception in Children. Child development perspectives, 7(2), 91–96. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdep.12023
  5. Jordan B. Peterson, Colin G. DeYoung, Erin Driver-Linn, Jean R. Séguin, Daniel M. Higgins, Louise Arseneault, Richard E. Tremblay, Self-deception and failure to modulate responses despite accruing evidence of error, Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 37, Issue 3, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00569-X.
  6. Vasconcellos, Silvio José Lemos, Rizzatti, Matheus, Barbosa, Thamires Pereira, Schmitz, Bruna Sangoi, Coelho, Vanessa Cristina Nascimento, & Machado, Andrea. (2019). Understanding Lies Based on Evolutionary Psychology: A Critical Review. Trends in Psychology, 27(1), 141–153. https://doi.org/10.9788/tp2019.1-11
  7. Taylor SE, Brown JD. Illusion and well-being: a social psychological perspective on mental health. Psychol Bull. 1988 Mar;103(2):193–210. PMID: 3283814.

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